Fundamentals of Defects Affecting Carbon Steel

We all rely on carbon steel (CS). Whether in commuter structures, pipelines, wind turbines, oil rigs, or buildings. CS must be strong and secure, therefore the need to thoroughly and effectively inspect carbon steel structures for defects is essential. Carbon Steel is Everywhere Why? CS is usually easy to weld, doesn’t cost too much, and it’s extremely reliable. Carbon steel …

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Steel Corrosion in Facades

Facade Symptoms Related to Steel Corrosion Whether we are performing a FISP (formerly Local Law 11/98) inspection or preparing a building envelope survey, we are constantly inspecting and documenting visual defects or deficiencies in building facades. But, we are also responsible for attempting to detect the underlying causes of these conditions. Vertical cracks at corner …

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Retractable Fabric Roofs

The Alutecnic Series – Retractable Fabric Roofs will help you to optimise your outdoor space for year-round comfort.   An extraordinary new perspective in outdoor living – The Alutecnic Series Retractable Fabric Roofs represent an intelligent all-in one solution for protection against rain, sun & total light control.   Application Residential, Hospitality & Commercial Projects …

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WAYS OF STEEL STRUCTURE DESIGN

Joints found in structures have already been assumed to work as either pinned or perhaps rigid to render design calculations manageable. In ‘straightforward design’ the joints happen to be idealised as excellent pins. ‘Continuous design’ assumes that joints happen to be rigid and that no relative rotation of linked associates occurs whatever the utilized moment. …

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Structural Steel Tests

Visual / dimensional inspection and tractability Omni scan Thermographic test Radiographic test Ultrasonic test Endoscopic inspection Spark test Bollard pull test NDT

Slabs Inspection Checklist

Approved shop drawings and Authorities drawings Thickness of slab Bottom mesh reinforcement Top mesh reinforcement Orientation of mesh reinforcement Additional top reinforcement Additional bottom reinforcement Top of concrete in columns / core walls / retaining walls Drop panels Shear links Columns / walls / core walls starter bars Chairs Reinforcement overlap locations to be in …

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Beams Inspection Checklist

Approved shop drawings and Authorities drawings Beam dimensions Bottom reinforcement Top reinforcement Additional top reinforcement Additional bottom reinforcement Top of concrete in columns / core walls / retaining walls Shear links Columns / walls / core walls starter bars Reinforcement overlap locations to be in compression zones only MEP Clearances Construction joints at 1/3rdor ½ …

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Raft Slab Inspection Checklist

Approved shop drawings and Authorities drawings Waterproofing and clearance from Soprema Waterproofing additional strips Thickness of slab Bottom mesh reinforcement Top mesh reinforcement Orientation of mesh reinforcement Additional top reinforcement Additional bottom reinforcement Shear links Columns / walls / core walls starter bars Chairs Reinforcement overlap locations to be in compression zones only Staggered reinforcement …

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Retaining Wall Inspection Checklist

Approved shop drawings and Authorities drawings Waterproofing and clearance from Soprema Waterproofing additional strips Thickness of wall Outer mesh reinforcement Inner mesh reinforcement Reinforcement overlap locations to be in compression zones only Staggered reinforcement Additional reinforcement specially at the retaining walls without B3 slab at the top Top of concrete in columns / core walls …

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Columns Inspection Checklist

Approved shop drawings and Authorities drawings Dimensions Vertical reinforcement Vertical reinforcement overlap Top level of concrete pour MEP Clearances Concrete spacers / cover blocks Safety Cleaning Alignment Tightening of bars Number and diameter of starter bars Level of trimming the vertical bars in slabs or beams Shear links and confinement Side chute for pouring the …

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